for your zooing pleasure

Zürich Zoo

Urs Eggenschwyler who worked directly with Carl Hagenbeck creating sculptures and artificial rocks started his own private menagerie on the Milchbuck in Zürich, 1881. He used to walk a hand-raised lion in the Niederdorf area. A tiny little jealous of Basel, Zürich had to wait until 1927 for its own city zoo to open.

  • #1 January 2018 Zoo café 1929
  • 2018 Entrance Zürich Zoo
  • 2018 Welcome
  • 2018 Africa House without any right angles  (1965)
  • The Outback where the Africa House is converted into the Australia House
  • 2018 Free-flight aviary for rainbow lorikeets
  • 2018 Otter enclosure 1965, reconstructed in 1991
  • 2018 View
  • 2018 Lama enclosure
  • 2018 Signpost and monkey enclosure 1938(?)
  • 2018 Living room experience, painted persian tapestry on floor
  • 2018 Ape House
  • 2018 Monkey enclosure 1938?
  • 2018 Enclosure spectacled bears and coatis ft natural and artificial rocks
  • 2018 Heini Hediger invented and introduced the information panel
  • 2018 Emu enclosure
  • 2018 Nests in and on the cage and a free bird of prey
  • 2018 Observation point Himalaya enclosure snow leopard
  • 2018 Game spotting in the zoo
  • 2018 Enclosure Siberian tiger
  • 2018 Silent witness of claws encounters
  • 2018 Border crossing
  • 2018 The penguins cast their shadow forward
  • 2018 Mongolian steppe 2015
  • 2018 Information in a yurt
  • 2018 Antelope house equipped with solar energy
  • 2018 Exotarium, the original main building
  • 2018 Exotarium
  • 2018 Exotarium Humboldt penguins
  • 2018 Exotarium
  • 2018 Under the roof of the exotarium
  • 2018 Ethiopian Semien Mountains 2008, geladas
  • 2018 Elephant House (2014)
  • 2018 A wooden shell with 271 skylights of UV-transparent foil
  • 2018 Watching a swimming elephant. Or a video.
  • 2018 Lewa savannah

Observations

Architecture

When the tram turns into the Weinbergstrasse the Prague Zoo comes to mind, located at 200-400m altitude on a wine mountain. A little while later we turn right into the Zürichbergerstrasse to a zoo at 640 meters altitude.

Entrance
Zoo cafe and restaurant Pantanal date from 1929. Nowadays, the entrance pavilion, café and restaurant, shop, zoo tram station, and ticket office as a whole look like architecture fused with choreography. The visitors move on the flowing lines and light distribution connecting the new design to the existing structure. In 2001, Jean-Pierre Dürig and Philippe Rämi have redesigned the original entrance and restaurants for which they received the architecture award of the Canton of Zurich. In 2013, L3P architects take further steps to guide the many visitors. They use a lot of authentic material in indoor areas, too.

Exotarium
This three-story building is the original main building. The south-west facing wing (aviary, chimpanzee enclosure) is rounded so that the light enters through the largest glass surface as possible. The roofs with different angles of inclination create an appealing "tower room" for the Insectarium, a spiral staircase leading to it. The gently sloping terrain lends itself well to stables in the basement on the east side. The east wing features the aquarium and terrarium and in the basement a north-facing elephant stable. The building was provided with a pump heating system. Aquarium and terrarium are reopened in 2016, after renovation.

Influence of zoo directors
In the beginning, no architect is involved. The signature of the first directors is however seen throughout the zoo. Hans Steiner was a zoologist. Felix Hofmann ran a plantation on Sumatra before becoming the director (1933-1953) and imported animals from Africa during his tenure. He has built a monkey house (1938) and an aviary for birds of prey and pheasants (1939).

And the founder of zoo biology, Professor Dr Heini Hediger, who was in charge of Bern Zoo and Basel Zoo before he became the director in Zürich (1954-1973), was preoccupied with environmental enrichment and customer experience almost avant la lettre.

Zoo design according to Hediger
Hediger approaches zoo design from the perspective of customizing enclosures in a way which responds best to the animals' natural way of living. Enclosure size is not leading, psychological space, however, is. Key is that the animal can express all its natural behaviours. Of course, the happy flow is mainly implemented: as long as an animal feels safe it will not flee. He demonstrates that housing animals in mixed species exhibits can be efficient, enriching the lives of the animals, and creating an enjoyable view.

Africa House 1965
Hediger has built both the Africa House and the Elephant House. The Africa House exemplifies his innovative thinking. It is designed so that no walls met at a 90-degree angle. Daylight enters through two large concrete domes, thus stimulating plant growth. Spotlights instead of fluorescent tubes. Four sections are provided featuring a back wall and a ditch covered with spherical gravel to prevent from hurting if a rhino or hippo falls into it. And mixed housing, of course, you could see oxpeckers hopping on a rhinoceros' back. A transparent dome above the hippopotamus basin which got a natural exit instead of stairs. Three outdoor terraces.
Architects involved: Rudolf Zürcher, Esther en Rudolf Guyer

The Africa House has been given listed status. Reopening as Australia House is scheduled for spring 2018.

Hediger panels
Hediger invented the information panel and introduced it in Zürich Zoo: (scientific) name, image, and a short description of the animal.

Modern nature-centred architecture
Hediger was not an architect but all architects in his and the next century rely on his insights. It is about quality over quantity, animal friendliness, natural behaviour, sustainability and yet also the visitor experience.

History

To the main building featuring an aviary, an aquarium, a terrarium, an elephant house, and a monkey enclosure, a predator house, bear pit, and simple open-air enclosures are added. That's it, in 1929.

Human Zoo
In 1935, Zürich Zoo puts a group of 65 Moroccans on display.

Masterplan 1992-2020
Zoo Zürich aims to recreate ecosystems rather than just exhibiting animal species. The zoo is undergoing a major expansion that will eventually double its size.

  • 1992 South American cloud forest (spectacled bears, coatis)
  • 1997 Eurasian Waterland (birds)
  • 2001/2 Himalaya (Siberian tiger, snow leopard)
  • 2002 Zoolino
  • 2003 Masoala Rainforest
  • 2006/2007 Gir dry forest (Asiatic) lions)
  • 2008: African Semien mountain (geladas and Nubian goats)
  • 2012 Pantanal wetlands (tapirs)
  • 2013 Treetop walkway in Masoala Rainforest
  • 2014 Kaeng Krachan Elephant Park and Masoala Express
  • 2015 Mongolian steppe (yaks and camels)
  • 2018 Conversion of the Africa House into an Australian enclosure
  • 2020 Lewa savannah (giraffes, white rhinoceroses)
Visit January 2018

The zoo perched on the Zürichberg is pleasant to take your time. Most indoor areas have a lot of space to sit, watch, draw... the ape house even offers a vintage living room experience. Everything is as eco as eco can be, cutting-edge technology. A rich zoo that receives many gifts and bequests. Typically Swiss? The naturalistic enclosures on the slope act like balm. And the Exotarium has got it. Varied information in a Yurt or a clay hut depending on the geographical zone in which you landed. The Elephant House resembles a turtle with a wooden shield in which 271 skylights are made of UV-permeable foil; it is not supported by pillars inside. About 1:30 pm, tourists and parents with buggies join the king penguin parade.

Heini Hediger, the founder of the zoo biology served as zoo director in Zürich. He scientifically addressed the confinement of animals. His approach to zoo design is more profound and less commercial than the ideas of Carl Hagenbeck.

Plattegronden dierentuin Zürich

Route

2018

Zoo map Zürich 2018

 Tickets Zürich Zoo 2018

Numbers

  • September 7, 1929
  • Species: 357
  • Animals: 4152
  • 28 ha
  • 640 meters altitude


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