The old Westphalian Zoological Garden dating from 1875 is abandoned, December 31, 1973, when demolition began to make way for a bank building.
On May 2, 1974, architect Bernd Kösters hands the keys to the new zoo over to chimpanzees Max and Moritz who, in turn, pass them on to managing director Helmut Reichling. The new Westphalian Zoological Garden attracts 50,000 visitors on its opening day.
Hellabrunn Zoo is located on the Isar River in a protected reserve. The animals are arranged by geographical origin. It is the very first geozoo. The Elephant House is an example of exotic zoo architecture and the great aviary an air castle that has been realized with none other than Otto Frei!
Visitors purchasing a tourniquet ticket at the not-so-spectacular entrance also gain access to the complex housing the aquarium, reptiles, and insects. The zoo site covers 20 hectares of which two hectares is the elephant park. When developing the master plan 2020, the zoo has stated to remain a classical zoo preserving its historic charm, instead of becoming an adventure park. The zoo is ready for zoning into continents.
Not what you call an architectural garden but the pavilions for hippos, tamanduas, otters, orangutans, jaguars... are all hexagonal. It is a Waldzoo (forest zoo) where aside from the usual guests also squatters occur. I once called them the free spirits in the zoo. An information sign tells you this involves 76 species of birds and 15 mammal species.
The Zoologischer Garten Dresden is located in the southwestern part of the Großer Garten, a 200-hectare park in the middle of the city. The zoo, therefore, has many old and large trees. Peter Joseph Lenné and Carl Adolf Canzler are the landscape architect and the first architect respectively, in the Gründerzeit. In the Second World War, the vast majority of the zoo in the Florence on the Elbe was destroyed.
Since 1876, entrepreneur Ernst Pinkert exhibits exotic animals near restaurant "Zum Pfaffendorfer Hof", together with Carl Hagenbeck, another entrepreneur and the founder of the Hamburg zoo. The historic architectural core after you come through the main entrance is called the Founder’s Garden. "Zoo of the Future", the Master Plan (2000-2020) by Peter Rasbach takes the zoo to the next level with six new thematic areas, each thematic area its own in situ conservation project, immersion exhibits, and alignment with customers’ needs and emotions.
The tagline "So close, so wild, so beautiful" alludes to the key benefits of visiting Tierpark Hagenbeck. While zoos until 1907 exhibit animals in cramped cages and behind bars, Carl Hagenbeck (1844-1913) displays regional groups of mixed species in large open-air panoramas. An unprecedented act of animal presentation.
In 1841, King Frederick William IV has donated the animals of the Prussian royal menageries from Peacock Island to the citizens of Berlin. For a zoo! It is the first zoo in Germany and the ninth in Europe, designed by garden artist Peter Joseph Lenné. Nowadays, you would call him a landscape architect.
In 1955, almost a year after the Magistrate of Berlin's decision to create an animal park as East Berlin's answer to West Berlin's zoo, the Tierpark Berlin opens on the Friedrichsfelde palace grounds. It is the life's work of first director Heinrich Dathe who teams up with several architects. In 1969, architect Heinz Graffunder is awarded the National GDR Prize for the general zoo concept and the Alfred Brehm House. From 1991, Tierpark and Zoo Berlin are under common management.